Biodiversity means the presence of diverse biological life forms. The different types of plant, animal marine life that exist in a region and the ecosystems supporting their existence make up the biodiversity of that region. India is a vast country covering an area of and multiple geographical relief and habitats.
Starting from the snow mountains of Himalayas to the Rainforests in the Western Ghats, Andaman and Assam, a multiplicity of habitats exists. Sundarbans forests in the East, Gangetic plains in the centre, peninsular plateau and the Thar Desert are some of the other rich habitats that support a diverse life. Vegetation accordingly ranges from the mangroves of the coast to the Chinars of Kashmir, with Sal, Teak, Neem Babul and Deodars forming a rich variety. The spices gardens too have been an attractive feature in the vegetation.
Conservation of Biodiversity Essay
Animal life is equally divers with some of the finest species still in existence and thriving while others endangered and in need of protection. India also has a rich cultural heritage going back thousands of years. Much of Indian biodiversity is intricately related to the socio-cultural practices of the land. Unfortunately, due to population explosion , climate change and lax implementation of environmental policies, several species are facing the threat of extinction. Not only does this affect the food chain, but also the livelihood and the culture of millions of Indians who depend on local biodiversity.
It is vital that the common man is made aware of the domino effect of species loss and what we stand to lose. Project Brahma aims to create such awareness, by increasing participation of the people in biodiversity documentation and conservation. In addition, there are several organizations carrying out notable conservation work in India. Our aim is also to create a central resource where such organizations can access all kinds of knowledge about Indian biodiversity.
We imagine that the Biodiversity of India website will significantly enhance environmental conservation efforts in India. Learn more about the need and aims of this project Check out more articles here. Biodiversity conservation in Uttarakhand Contributed by: Mohan Rajinikanth. In several Himalayan states like Uttarakhand , ecology is highly synonymous with the religions practiced.
In the nine districts in Uttarakhand, there are sacred natural sites including 75 sacred forests, 74 sacred groves, 10 water bodies and 9 pastures. In some cases, entire forest areas are dedicated to deities. Let alone resource exploitation, trespassing into the sacred forests is considered a taboo, punishable by the wrath of the deity.
As a result, forest areas flourish untouched. The only occasion these areas are accessed, with minimal invasion, is during annual festivals. Continue reading Figs have been consumed with relish since ancient times, even by the Romans and Greeks. According to an ancient myth, fig was the favorite fruit of Bacchus , the Lord of Carnival and the Lord of Wine.
Words Essay on Biodiversity and Human Life
Fig juices were also used in religious ceremonies. In addition, the fig tree is widely employed in Roman symbolic traditions, as the twin founders of Rome - Romulus and Remus - when they were infants, were transported by the River deity Tiberinus in a basket made from roots of the fig tree. The fig tree, in Rome, was considered an emblem of the future prosperity of the race. Man made radiation and nature's resilience Contributed by: Mohan Rajinikanth. In , the worst nuclear accident in history- the Chernobyl disaster- occurred in Ukraine. It was the result of the explosion of a nuclear reactor built to generate electric power.
The blast splattered radioactive material across , square kilometers of Belarus , Ukraine, and Russia. Many plants and animals died quickly from radiation overdose. More than a third of a million people were evacuated. A 60 mile exclusion zone was created. But with the migration of people, began a spectacular ingress and resurgence of animals and plants. A total of 64 articles in the database as of this moment. For the complete list, click on any article, then scroll down on the subsequent page. India has a mixture of wild and cultivated habitats, giving rise to highly specialized biodiversity which is specific to the confluence of two or more habitats.
India has been considered as the origin place of cultivated plant species and more than their wild relatives.
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India is centre of origin of 30, — 50, varieties of rice, sugarcane, turmeric, ginger, mango, pigeon-pea etc. India is home to 5 world heritage sites Table Heritage sites are the places that attract tourists.
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There are 33 Botanical gardens, 89 national parks Wildlife Sanctuaries and 14 biosphere reserves in India. There are about 47, species of plants and 81, species of animals identified in India. Out of the above 81, animal species recorded from India, are mammals, are birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, about 57, insects and molluscs and many other species of invertebrates. India has 10 biogeographic zones and 26 biotic provinces, which represent all the major ecosystems of the world.
India is with various biogeographical provinces ranging from the cold deserts of Laddakh and Spiti to the hot deserts of Thar; the temperate forest in Himalayas to the lush green tropical rain forest of the Kerala. Owing to its diverse climate and physical conditions, India has a very rich and varied flora and fauna. There are about 75, species of animals, of which species are mammals, 1, species of birds, species of reptiles, species of amphibians, 2, species of fishes, 5, species of insects, 4, species of molluscs and other invertebrates.
With an aim to protect, preserve and propagate the varied wildlife, the Government of India GOI has taken following steps:. Since , a wildlife week first week of October is being observed to educate the people about the importance and need of conservation of wildlife. This act has been adopted by all the states except Jammu and Kashmir which has its own similar act. National Wildlife Action Plan was introduced in It requires rehabilitation of endangered species by captive breeding. These have their own wildlife protection programmes. Wild life study has been incorporated in the school and college curricula to aware the students about the need of conservation of wildlife.
A new breeds of sleuths, wildlife forensic scientists, is emerging in India, to curb rising crimes against wildlife supported by a booming international trade in wildlife parts. It has number of programmes to collect and conserve germplasm of plants and animals in seed gene banks and field gene banks conservation.
Long and Short Essay on Conservation of Biodiversity in English
As we gradually become aware of how serious biodiversity losses have become, we are slowly laws and treaties to protect these assets. This task of conservation needs the participation of users and stakeholder. Simply identifying species at risk cannot initiate protection. People are to be educated in this regard. They will have to conserve this biodiversity. Government of India passed Biodiversity Bill in December It seeks checking of biopiracy.
The main aim of this legislation is to protect the Indian biodiversity. A Biodiversity Board has been formed with its head office at Chennai. It will ensure the proper and legitimate use of Indian biodiversity with aiming at equitable sharing of benefits.